Sub-sub-series - Residential School Blue Quills (Saddle Lake, Sacred Heart, formerly Lac la Biche), St. Paul, Alberta

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Residential School Blue Quills (Saddle Lake, Sacred Heart, formerly Lac la Biche), St. Paul, Alberta

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    Oblate Run, Operating Dates: 1893-1970s
    The mission at Lac La Biche was established in the 1850s, with a school attended by Indigenous children established shortly after. Roman Catholic missionaries established a boarding school at Lac la Biche in 1891, and this became a residential school known as Notre Dame des Victoires (or Lac La Biche Mission school). This school ran from 1893 until 1898, at which point the school buildings were moved to the Saddle Lake First Nation, and the school was renamed Blue Quills. The residential school was relocated once more in 1931 to a location near St. Paul, Alberta. The school was operated by the Oblates until the 1970s, after which Blue Quills become Canada’s first residential school controlled by First Nations people.

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