Fonds PR2322 - County of Newell No. 4 fonds

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County of Newell No. 4 fonds

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    • Source of title proper: Title based on the content of the records.

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    • 1920 - 1973 (Creation)

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    Physical description

    5.45 m of textual records. -- 1 map.

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    Administrative history

    In 1883, the Northwest Territorial Council passed the Municipal Ordinance, allowing for the establishment of local government areas. In response to this ordinance, many townships -- typically comprised of 36 sections of land --, organized to form herd districts (1883), fire districts (1886), and statute labour districts (1887). In 1897, all three ordinances amalgamated with the passing of the Local Improvement Ordinance. Local improvement districts maintained public works such as road building, management of fires, noxious fumes, and animals. A 1903 amendment of the Local Improvement Ordinance allowed local improvement districts to include between 3 and 6 townships.

    In 1912, with the passing of the Rural Municipality Act, the Province of Alberta created the Department of Municipal Affairs. The Act allowed 9 townships to apply for incorporation as a rural municipality as long as the land contained 1 person/square mile. Under this provision some local improvement districts organized as municipalities while others chose to continue as local improvement districts. In 1918, the Government of Alberta required the organization of all local improvement districts into municipalities with the Municipal Districts Act.

    Located at Township 19, Range 15, West of the 4th Meridian (19-15-W4), the County of Newell No. 4 includes the Town of Bassano, the Village of Duchess, the Village of Rosemary, and the Village of Tilley. The County of Newell No. 4 also includes the hamlets/service areas of Gem, Patricia, Rainier, Rolling Hills, and Scandia.

    The County of Newell No. 4 municipal history began in 1948 when the Municipal District of Newell No. 28 formed. In 1952, the Municipal District of Newell No. 28, and part of the Municipal District of Bow Valley No. 40 incorporated to form the County of Newell No. 4.

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    Scope and content

    The fonds consists of Assessment and Tax Rolls, cashbooks, account books, for the municipal areas of Brooks, Cassils, Countess, Duchess, Gem, Lathom, Millicent, Patricia, Rainier, Rolling Hills, Scandia, Kinbrook Park, financial records of the county including auditors financial statements, by-laws of the County of Newell No. 4 dating from 1920 to 1973. The fonds also contains farmland assessment forms, cancelled land assessments, appeals to the Alberta Assessment Appeal Board dating from the 1950's. In addition, the fonds contains a map illustrating the land boundaries of the County of Newell No. 4.

    In addition, the fonds includes assessment and tax rolls for the following school districts:

    • Alcoma #3991: 16-16-15-W4, 1920 - ?
    • Allen Cameron #4044: ?
    • Bethany #4570: 31-16-14-W4, 1931 - ?
    • Bow Bridge #4382: _ 18-17-W4, 1929 - ?
    • Bow Slope #3862: 27-16-16-W4, 1919 - ?
    • Bow Slope Rural High # 11
    • Burn Brae #3863: 18-21-17-W4, 1919 - ?
    • Cassils Consolidated #65
    • Clemenceau Consolidated #63: 5-19-15-W4, 1919 - 1941
    • Countess #4229: 15-21-17-W4, 1925 - ?
    • E.I.D: ?
    • Gem Consolidated #60: 31-22-16-W4, 1919 - 1961
    • Hadington #3965:_ - 20-13-W4, 1920 -?
    • Kitsim #3978: _ - 17-16-W4, 1920 - ?
    • Lathon #3417: 29-20-17-W4, 1916 - ?
    • Millicent #3962: 20-20-13-W4, 1920-1941
    • Princess #4048: 9-20-12-W4, 1921 - 1941
    • Rathesay #4503: ?
    • Renfrew #4181: 2-17-13-W4, 1923 - 1945
    • Rockvun #4355: 32-24-19-W4, 1928 - ?
    • Rosemary Consolidated #71: 6-21-15-W4, 1920 - 1961, and
    • Wellman #3853: NE 16-21-14-W4, 1919 - [1940].

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    Physical condition

    Immediate source of acquisition

    In 1970 and 1974, the County of Newell No. 4 donated material to the Provincial Archives of Alberta. Margaret Berg, the granddaughter of E. Petere Berg, deposited the records comprising PR2009.0493 at the Provincial Archives of Alberta on April. 16, 2009 and the records comprising PR2010.0135 on Nov. 17, 2009. E. P. Berg was Secretary-Treasurer of the Millicent School District board in the 1920s and 30s.


    Material arranged according to original order.

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        The material is in English.

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        Restrictions on access

        Access Conditions: None

        Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

        Use Conditions: Permission for use required. Subject to the Copyright Act.

        Finding aids

        File list is available.

        Associated materials

        For more material on school districts in Alberta, please see other school district and county fonds descriptions at the Provincial Archives of Alberta.

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        Further accruals are expected.

        General note

        Information for the administrative history/biographical sketch sourced from: William Peter Baergen, Pioneering with a Piece of Chalk: The One-Room Country Schools of Alberta 1885-1982, Library and Archives Canada, 2005 Eric J. Hanson,Local Government in Alberta, Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1956. Bert Wolfe, Understanding Western Canada's Land Survey System, Saskatchewan UP, 1978. Municipal Profiles: (Accessed Sept. 24, 2007) Newell County, (Accessed Oct. 9, 2007) Land described according to the Alberta Township System (ATS).

        General note

        Includes accessions PR2009.0493, PR2010.0135, PR1970.0087, PR1974.0071, and PR1974.0309.

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