Fonds PR1851 - Groat family fonds

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Groat family fonds

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    • Source of title proper: Title based on the content of the records.

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    • [189-]-[192-] (Creation)

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    Physical description

    123 photographs. – 9 photographic postcards

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    Name of creator

    Biographical history

    Malcolm Alexander Groat was born April 1, 1836 in Halkirk, Caithness, Scotland. He was educated at the common school in Halkirk, and between the ages of fourteen and eighteen, helped on his father's farm. He served with the militia during the Crimean War. Following the war, he served as an apprentice carriage builder until 1861, when he signed on with the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), traveling to Fort Edmonton. At Fort Edmonton, he served as the steward to the chief factor, William Joseph Christie, and supervised the Fort's farm.

    On June 26, 1870, he married Margaret Christie, daughter of William Christie; they had two daughters and eight sons. In 1875 he left the employ of the HBC and farmed land he had obtained in 1870 after the HBC surrendered most of its lands to the Dominion of Canada in 1869 (retaining lands around their forts); Malcolm's land was just west of the HBC reserve and became known as the Groat Estate. In 1903, he sold some of his land to William Tretheway, who in turn sold it to James Carruthers in 1905.
    Malcolm died May 17, 1912. Margaret died December 22, 1915.

    Malcolm and Margaret's children included: Alexander Eric, born November 26, 1870; Malcolm Forbes, born December 5, 1871; John Osborne, born November 13, 1873; William Charles, born January 4, 1876; George Clair, born January 25, 1878; Mary Olive Sinclair, born May 13, 1880; Margaret (Maggie) Ann McRae, born September 16, 1882; Thomas Anderson, born February 20, 1886; Walter Sache, born January 19, 1888; and Robert Andrew, born October 13, 1891.

    Alexander Eric married Arabell Matilda Eccles on November 2, 1892 and they lived near Spruce Grove, Alberta and later in Vancouver, British Columbia; he died in August 30, 1952 in Vancouver.

    Malcolm Forbes, known as Forbes, served during the Boer War and was later a wilderness guide; he married Emma Oppertshauser and they lived in Edmonton until about 1930; he died December 4, 1932 in Sunset Prairie, British Columbia.

    John Osborne married Adelaide Fraser on August 1, 1899; he died in 1917 while serving during the First World War.

    William Charles died April 25, 1897.

    George Clair also served during the Boer War; he married Barbara Young MacDonald on November 26, 1908 and they lived near Spruce Grove; he died in 1952.

    Mary Olive Sinclair married Daniel Brown on February 27, 1900 and they lived near Graminia, Alberta; she died January 5, 1936.

    Margaret (Maggie) Ann McRae married A.J. Macdonald and they lived in Edmonton and then Vancouver; she died in Burnaby, British Columbia in 1958.

    Thomas Anderson was part of the Grand Trunk survey team in 1904 and married Clarisse Moberly in 1910; he died May 30, 1949.

    Walter Sache died June 7, 1928 in Pouce Coupe, British Columbia.

    Robert Andrew died in 1899.

    Custodial history

    Scope and content

    The fonds consists of photographs, postcards and 4 tintypes relating to the Groat family and includes images of Edmonton streets, streetcars, riverboats, houses, wagon racing, train station, streets, soldiers from the “E” company, 31st Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, horses, trains, unidentified people, a grain elevator (Brackman-Ker Milling Company Limited), children, log cabins, surveying parties, canoes, rivers, landscapes, tents, packhorses, surveyors, mountains, lakes, a surveying party for the Grand Trunk Pacific railway, a train crash, and members of the Groat family.

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    Physical condition

    Immediate source of acquisition

    Allen H. Groat, the son of Malcolm Forbes Groat, deposited the records in the Provincial Archives of Alberta in 1989. They were part of the Groat Estate.


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        The material is in English.

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        Access Conditions: None

        Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

        Use Conditions: Permission for use required. Subject to the Copyright Act.

        Finding aids

        File lists are not available.

        Associated materials

        Also see the Department of the Interior fonds, Dominion Lands Branch series, North-West Territories Métis scrip applications sub-series at Library and Archives Canada in Ottawa, Ontario.

        Related materials


        Further accruals are not expected.

        General note

        Information for the biographical sketch is taken from the Alberta Genealogical Society’s Surname Database, from Edmonton’s West Side Story: The History of the Original West End of Edmonton from 1870, which is available in the Provincial Archives of Alberta Reference Library, 971.2334 Y36, from Edmonton Journal obituaries, from the Provincial Archives of Alberta Reference Library information files, from the records as well as various other sources (see accession file). The images can be located in the A file of the Provincial Archives of Alberta reference prints under the numbers A.18,021 through A.18,040.

        General note

        Includes accession PR1989.0366.

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