Fonds PR0421 - Peter Anderson fonds

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Title proper

Peter Anderson fonds

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    Title notes

    • Source of title proper: Title based on the content of the records.

    Level of description

    Fonds

    Reference code

    PR0421

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    Statement of scale (cartographic)

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    Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

    Dates of creation area

    Date(s)

    • 1882-1952 (Creation)

    Physical description area

    Physical description

    0.05 m of textual records. – 28 negatives

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    Archival description area

    Name of creator

    (1868-1945)

    Biographical history

    Peter Anderson was born on the island of Funen, off the coast of Denmark, on April 24, 1868. In 1888 he immigrated to Canada and began to work in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Later he hunted and trapped in northern Manitoba before moving west and arriving in Edmonton in 1891.

    After working on a variety of construction jobs, he eventually formed his own brick company in 1899 called Anderson's Brickyard. Anderson married Mary Allan (1866-1931) on January 2, 1895, and together they had one son, Bert (1897-1970), and three daughters, Ethel (Moore) (1899-1977), Jeanne (Irvine) (1895-1974), and Fransine (Patterson) (1904-1994). He married Frances "Fanny" Willis (1888-1976) in Vancouver in 1935.

    In 1907 Anderson wrote the military officers examination and joined the 101st Regiment, Edmonton Fusiliers as a Captain. In 1914 he was part of the first contingent of Canadian soldiers in World War I to go overseas. In England his regiment was dismantled and Anderson was assigned to the 3rd Battalion, Queen's Own Regiment. He was captured on April 24, 1915 at the second battle of Ypres in Belgium, and spent three months in a German Prisoner of War (POW) Camp. In September of that year Anderson escaped from the camp and made his way back to England via Denmark where he was then received by the King of England and decorated. He was the first Canadian to successfully escape from a German POW Camp in World War I. He was later promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel.

    Later in the war, Anderson organized a sniping and training school, conducted troops to France, and became a member of the Canadian Syren Force, helping to command the operations of Allied troops for the Murmansk expedition into the Russian Arctic. At the end of his service, Anderson returned to live in Edmonton, Alberta until the 1930s when he retired to Vancouver, British Columbia. He died there in 1945.

    Custodial history

    Scope and content

    Fonds consists of records dealing mainly with - Lieutenant-Colonel Peter Anderson’s military career and includes correspondence, certificates, biographies, newspaper clippings, business letterheads, poetry, partial manuscripts, and photographs.

    Notes area

    Physical condition

    Immediate source of acquisition

    Mrs. Ethel Moore, a daughter of Peter Anderson, deposited these records in the Provincial Archives of Alberta in 1970.

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      Script of material

        Language and script note

        The material is in English.

        Location of originals

        Availability of other formats

        Restrictions on access

        Access Conditions: None

        Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

        Use Conditions: Permission for use required. Subject to the Copyright Act.

        Finding aids

        Inventory is available.

        Associated materials

        Other records pertaining to Lt.Col. Peter Anderson, "Account of Major P. Anderson's escape from a German POW camp," can be found in accession GR1976.0341.

        Related materials

        Accruals

        Further accruals are not expected.

        General note

        A biographical sketch, written by Lieutenant-Colonel. Peter Anderson, from the PR0043 Ernest Brown collection is included in Series VI in this fonds.

        General note

        Includes the following accessions:

        PR1972.0272

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